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Word detailsDefinition
_
  • 1. indicates possessive
    particle
    なつあつ__ものくさ__ sentence details
    The food spoiled in the summer heat.

    occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之

  • 2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
    particle
    どうりょうしんらいたいせつ sentence details
    Relying on colleagues is important.
  • 3. substitutes for "ga" in subordinate phrases
    particle
  • 4. (at sentence-end, falling tone) indicates a confident conclusion
    particle

    often ん

  • 5. (at sentence-end) indicates emotional emphasis
    particle
  • 6. (at sentence-end, rising tone) indicates question
    particle
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_